Relatives and friends

Wdenwemagnek mine Nikanek: Relatives and Friends

                   Sing.              Plural

Aunt (maternal)

Nin                noshe              nosheyek

Gin                gnoshe             gnosheyek

Win                wnosheyen           wnosheyen

Ginwa              gnoshem             gnoshemek

Ninan              ngenoshenan         ngenoshenanek

Ginan              genoshenan          genoshenanek

Winwa              wnoshewan           wnoshewan

Aunt (paternal)

Nin                nshegwes            nshegwsek

Gin                gshegwes            gshegwsek

Win                wshegwesen          wshegwesen

Ginwa              gshegwesewa         gshegwesewak  

Ninan              nshegwesenan        nshegwesenanek

Ginan              gshegwesenan        gshegwesenanek

Winwa              wshegwsewan         wshegwsewan

Brother in law

Nin                nita               nitag

Gin                gita               gitag

Win                witan              witan

Ginwa              gitawa             gitawak

Ninan              nitanan             nitananek

Ginan              gnitanan            gnitananek

Winwa              witawan             witawan

Brother in law of male

Nin                niji

Gin                gniji              gnijim

Win                wnijiyen

Ginwa              gnijimwa

Ninan              nijinan

Ginan              gnijinan

Winwa              wnijimwan

Brother of male

Nin                nikan/nikanes       nikansek

Gin                gikanes             gikansek

Win                wikaneyen           wikaneyen

Ginwa              gikansewa           gikansewak

Ninan              nikanan             nikananek

Ginan              gnikanan            gnikananek

Winwa              wikanewan           wikanewan

Older brother of female

Nin                ndewema             ndewemak

Gin                gdewema             gdewemak

Win                wdeweman            wdeweman

Ginwa              gdewemwa            gdewemwak

Ninan              ndewemamnan         ndewemamnanek

Ginan              gdewemamnan         gdewemamnanek

Winwa              wdewemwan           wdewemwan

Older brother of male

Nin                nseze              nsezeyek

Gin                gseze              gsezeyek

Win                wsezeyen            wsezeyen

Ginwa              gsezemowa           gsezemowak

Ninan              nsezenan            nsezenanek

Ginan              gsezenan            gsezenanek

Winwa              wsezewan            wsezewan

Child

Nin                nijanes             nijansek

Gin                gnijanes            gnijansek

Win                wnijansen           wnijansen

Ginwa              gnijansowa          gnijansowak

Ninan              nijansenan          nijansenanek

Ginan              gnijansenan         gnijansenanek

Winwa              wnijansewan         wnijansewan

Cousin and sometimes friend

Nin                nitawes             nitawsek           

Gin                gitawes             gitawsek

Win                witawsen            witawsen

Ginwa              gitasowa            gitawsowak

Ninan              nitawsenan          nitawsenanek

Ginan              gitawsenan          gitawsenanek

Winwa              witawsewan          witawsewan

Daughter

Nin                ndanes             ndansek/ndanseyek

Gin                gdanes             gdansek/gdanseyek

Win                wdanseyen      or   odanseyen

Ginwa              gdansowa            gdansowak

Ninan              ndansenan           ndansenanek

Ginan              gdansenan           gdansenanek

Winwa              wdansewan           wdansewan

Daughter in law

Nin                neagnekwe           neagnekwemek       

Gin                gneagnekwe          gneagnekwemek

Win                wneagnekwemen       wneagnekwemen

Ginwa              gneagnekwemwa       gneagnekwemwak

Ninan              ndeagnekwemnan      ndeagnekwemnanek

Ginan              gdeagnekwemnan      gdeagnekwemnanek

Winwa              wneagnekwemwan      wneagnekwemwan

Father

Nin                nos                ndedeyem

Gin                ggos               gdedeyem

Win                w’osen             wdedemen

Ginwa              ggoswa             gdedemwa

Ninan              nosnan             ndedemenan

Ginan              ggosnan             gdedemenan

Winwa              w’oswan             wdedemowan

Father in law

Nin                nshenes

Gin                gshenes

Win                wshensen

Ginwa              gshensewa

Ninan              nshensenan

Ginan              gshensenan

Winwa              wshensewan

Friend, a good close friend, neuter gender

Nin                wadokwek

Gin                wadokwet

Win                wadokwajen

Ginwa              wadokwek

Ninan              wadokwayak

Ginan              wadokwaygo

Winwa              wadokwawajen

Friend or Lover, a really close friend, neuter gender

Nin                nijkowes            nijkowsek

Gin                gijkowes            gijkowsek

Win                wijkosen            wijkosen

Ginwa              gijkosewa           gijkosewak

Ninan              nijkosenan          nijkosenanek

Ginan              gijkosenan          gijkosenanek

Winwa              wijkosewan          wijkosewan

Grandchild

Nin                noses              noseseyek

Gin                gnoses             gnoseseyek

Win                wnoseyen            wnoseyen

Ginwa              gnosesmowa          gnosesmowak

Ninan              nosenan             nosenanek

Ginan              gnosenan            gnosenanek

Winwa              wnosewan            wnosewan

Grandfather

Nin                nmeshomes           nmeshomsek

Gin                gmeshomes           gmeshomsek

Win                wmeshomsen          wmeshomsen

Ginwa              gmeshomsewa         gmeshomsewak

Ninan              nmeshomsenan        nmeshomsenanek

Ginan              gmeshomsenan        gmeshomsenanek

Winwa              wmeshomsewan        wmeshomsewan

Grandmother

Nin                nokmes             nokmesek

Gin                gokmes             gokmesek

Win                okmesen             okmesen

Ginwa              gokmeswa            gokmeswak

Ninan              nokmesnan           nokmesnanek

Ginan              gokmesnan           gokmesnanek

Winwa              okmeswan            okmeswan

Grandson/grand daughter

Nin                noseme             nosemeyek

Diminutive          nosemes             nosemesek

Gin                goseme             gosemeyek

Diminutive          gosemes             gosemesek

Win                 wnosemeyen          wnosemeyen

Ginwa              ggoseme             ggosemeyek

Ninan              nosememnan          nosememnanek

Ginan              gnosememnan         gnosememnanek

Winwa              wnosemewan          wnosemewan

Mother

Nin                ngiye              ngiyeyek 

Gin                ggiye              ggiyeyek

Win                wgiyeyen            wgiyeyen

Ginwa              ggiyewa             ggiyewak

Ninan              ngiyenan            ngiyenanek

Ginan              ggiyenan            ggiyenanek

Winwa              wgiyewan            wgiyewan

Another mother

Nin                neneyem             nenemek

Gin                gneneyem            gnenemek

Win                wnenemen            wnenemen

Ginwa              gnenemowa           gnenemowak

Ninan              nenemenan           nenemenanek

Ginan              gnenemenan          gnenemenanek

Winwa              wnenemowan          wnenemowan

Namesake,

child in one’s family who has name of family ancestor,

describes a “tying together”

Nin                ndankobjegen

Gin                gdankobjegen

Win                wdankobjegen

Ginwa              gdankobjegnewa

Ninan              ndankobjegnan

Ginan              gdankobjegnan

Winwa              wdankobjegnewan

Nephew

Nin                negwnes             negwnesek

Gin                gnegwnes            gnegwnesek

Win                wnegwnesen          wnegwnesen

Ginwa              gnegwneswa          gnegwneswak

Ninan              negwnesnan          negwnesnanek

Ginan              gnegwnesnan         gnegwnesnanek

Winwa              wnegwneswan         wnegwneswan

Niece of male

Nin                nzhemes             nzhemsek

Gin                gzhemes             gzhemsek

Win                wzhemsen            wzhemsen

Ginwa              gzhemsewa           gzhemsewak

Ninan              nzhemsenan          nzhemsenanek

Ginan              gzhemsenan          gzhemsenanek

Winwa              wzhemsewan          wzhemsewan

Parents

Nin                ngetsimek

Gin                ggetsimek

Win                wgetsimen

Ginwa              ggetsimwak  (getsimwak)

Ninan              ngetsimnanek

Ginan              getsimnanek

Winwa              wgetsimwan

Parents, this term also used for all older relatives

Nin                nmezodanek

Gin                gmezodanek

Win                wmezodanen

Ginwa              gmezodanwak

Ninan              nmezodanenanek

Ginan              gmezodanenanek

Winwa              wmezodanwan

Relatives

Nin                ndenwemagen         ndenwemagnek

Gin                gdenwemagen         gdenwemagnek

Win                wdenwemagnen        wdenwemagnen

Ginwa              gdenwemagnewa       gdenwemagnewak

Ninan              ndenwemagnenan      ndenwemagnenanek

Ginan              gdenwemagnenan      gdenwemagnenanek

Winwa              wdenwemagnewan      wdenwemagnewan

Sister of male

Nin                ndekwem             ndekwemek

Gin                gdekwem             gdekwemek

Win                wdekwemen           wdekwemen

Ginwa              gdekwemwa           gdekwemwak

Ninan              ndekwemnan          ndekwemnanek

Ginan              gdekwemnan          gdekwemnanek

Winwa              wdekwemwan          wdekwemwan

Sister of female

Nin                nidgeko             nidgekok

Gin                gidgeko             gidgekok

Win                widgekon            widgekon

Ginwa              gidgekowa           gidgekowak

Ninan              nidgekonan          nidgekonanek

Ginan              gidgekkonan         gidgekonanek

Winwa              widgekowan          widgekowan

Older sister

Nin                nmese              nmeseyek

Gin                gmese              gmeseyek

Win                omeseyen            omeseyen

Ginwa              gmesewa             gmesewak

Ninan              nmesenan            nmesenanek

Ginan              gmesenan            gmesenanek

Winwa              wmesewan            wmesewan

Sister in law of male

Nin                ninem              ninemek

Gin                gninem             gninemek

Win                winmon             winmon

Ginwa              ginmowa             ginmowak

Ninan              ninmenan            ninmenanek

Ginan              ginmenan            ginmenanek

Winwa              winmowan            winmowan

Son

Nin                ngwes              ngwesek            

Gin                ggwes              ggwesek

Win                wgwesen             wgewesen

Ginwa              ggwesewa            ggwesewak

Ninan              ngwesnan            ngwesnanek

Ginan              ggwesnan            ggwesnanek

Winwa               wgweswan            wgweswan

Son in law

Nin                neangesh

Gin                gneangesh

Win                wneangeshen

Ginwa              gneangeshmowa

Ninan              ndeangeshmnan

Ginan              gdeangeshmnan

Winwa              wdeangeshmowan

A child you named

Nin                niyokade            niyokadeyek

Gin                giyokade            giyokadeyek

Win                wiyokaden           wiyokaden     

Ginwa              giyokadeswa         giyokadeswak

Ninan              niyokadenan         niyokadenanek

Ginan              giyokadenan         giyokadenanek

Winwa              wiyokadewan         wiyokadewan

Step father

Nin                nmishome

Gin                gmishome

Win                wmishomeyen

Ginwa              gmishome’wa

Ninan              nmishomemenan

Ginan              gmishomemenan

Winwa              wmishomewan

Uncle

Nin                nzheshe             nzhesheyek

Gin                gzheshe             gzhesheyek    

Win                wzhesheyen          wzhesheyen

Ginwa              gzheshemwa          gzheshemwak

Ninan              nzheshemenan        nzheshemenanek

Ginan              gzheshemenan        gzheshemenanek

Winwa              wzheshewan          wzheshewan

Younger sibling

Nin                nshime             nshimeyek

Gin                gshime             gshimeyek

Win                wshimeyen           wshimeyen

Ginwa              gshimewa            gshimewak

Ninan              nshimenan           nshimenanek

Ginan              gshimenan           gshimenanek

Winwa              wshimewan           wshimewan

Grandfather deceased

Nin                nmeshomseben

Gin                gmeshomseben

Win                wmeshomsenaben

Ginwa              gmeshomsewaben

Grandmother

Nin                nokmesben

Gin                gokmesben

Win                okmesenaben

Ginwa              gokmesewaben

Author: neaseno

I was born on Powers Bluff in Wood County, Wisconsin, into a traditional community of Neshnabek. I was raised speaking only native languages, and learned to speak English upon entering school at the age of 6. As of this writing, I am one of 5 remaining Heritage Fluent Speakers of Potawatomi.

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