Medicine men and women

The wisdom and knowledge used by medicine people comes from other medicine people who came before them and handed down their ‘medicine’ to chosen ones. They train for many years and the medicine formulas, songs and other rites are handwritten on scrolls and medicine sticks which have been handed down over time.

It is unwise to try to interpret the Native writing in these various forms and use them without the proper training. Most are written in cryptic fashion, leaving out major portions that the practitioner has learned verbally, written in code or even written backwards.

We are told that the Native Medicine People travel to the lonely places to meet with the Little People from the spiritual realm and share in their secrets. Medicine people are still today an integral part of the traditional Native lifestyle.

Neshnabek Medicine People are not “shamans.” They are also not psychics and do not give readings.

Traditional Native Practitioners may consult with medicine people for help with medical problems, dilemmas in their lives or other problems. There are fewer Medicine People alive and practicing today, but those few are still known by traditionalists and others in Native communities. It is not accepted for medicine people to advertise or make their services known in other ways.

The proper way to find a medicine person is to be part of a Native community, ceremonial ground or family and to come to know this person through those connections. Please do not contact a Native Nation asking to be put into contact with a Medicine Man or Woman or asking anyone to help you become one. 


We must all have respect for one another as human beings, we are all descended from the same Great Spiritual being, God. To show or demonstrate respect and compassion for another is the same as recognizing where you are from, who created you, and that you are part of the family of God.

Something on Respect for Spiritual Powers and Spiritual People.

To give respect to another, one must first have respect, for oneself, for Spirit/spirits and Man, and above all a firm understanding that all things are interconnected throughout this vast universe, of which we are a miniscule part. If one does not have respect for any of those basic things, then one must needs go to the Spirit of all Life and ask to be given that staple of all gifts, respect. Sometimes it takes a search of one’s soul and spirit, an examination of one’s soul, so to speak, and upon discerning that something is amiss, then an acknowledgement of that, and a simple asking for forgiveness, thus a restoration of what one needs to see clearly. It is easy in this busy world to lose that element of respect one needs in their daily lives.

To understand that we are all connected, the two legged, four legged, creeping crawling kind, and the winged, and that we share this space, thus these elements, of fire, rock, water and the green, is to gain wisdom. Wisdom is one of the gifts the Spirit gave to mankind, along with love, bravery, truth, honesty, and humility. All of these gifts are interconnected as well, thus when seeking forgiveness when losing any one of them, they all are restored, which is the true fellowship of the Spirit.

It is the responsibility of Man to maintain what he has been given since he was also blessed with a free moral will, of which he utilizes in making the choices he needs to make. All other Life is given a set of original instructions along with the Life Principle, but Man was also given the additional responsibility of free will, thus putting the onus of making the right and moral choices in this life squarely upon his shoulders. All other life merely performs according to the set of instructions they were given upon creative inclusion.

We must always demonstrate respect to our elders and to the Spiritual Leadership, those who have spent considerable time acquiring their position of Leadership. People who have acquired spiritual powers and knowledge need to be honored, for several reasons. The first and foremost is realizing where that power comes from, it comes from the Spirit, or the Father of spirits. Secondly, the person needs to be honored for what they have accomplished in their lives, that of spending time fasting and praying for the Spiritual Power(s) to take notice and reward them with the spiritual gifts they possess.

Whenever something is taught or shared from one of these people, one must honor them with tobacco and a gift. This is done to demonstrate appreciation to Mamogosnan and thanking Him for anointing that person with whatever spiritual power(s) we have been blessed with. To not give tobacco and a gift of some sort to show appreciation and thankfulness would be considered rude and perhaps taking for granted the powers that be with our spiritual people. Special teachings, doctorings, special songs that are revealed, and spiritual insight or a word of wisdom/understanding/knowledge comes from the Spirit of all Life and we always need to honor that. To neglect it is to invite lethargy and spiritual laziness among the rank and file of the people, which Mamogosnan does not like.


respect [rɪˈspɛkt]


1. an attitude of deference, admiration, or esteem; regard

2. the state of being honoured or esteemed

3. a detail, point, or characteristic;in particular he differs in some respects from his son

4. reference or relation (esp in the phrases in respect of, with respect to)

5. polite or kind regard; consideration respect for people’s feelings

6. (often plural) an expression of esteem or regard (esp in the phrase pay one’s respects)

vb (tr)      

1. to have an attitude of esteem towards; show or have respect for, to respect one’s elders and others.

2. to pay proper attention to; not violate, to respect someone’s neutrality

3. to show consideration for; treat courteously or kindly

4. Archaic to concern or refer to

[from Latin rēspicere to look back, pay attention to, from re- + specere to look]

Learn your language

Growing up in a traditional community, I did not go to school to learn my language.  I learned it at home.  I was surrounded by it from my mother’s womb.  I learned to speak naturally as a toddler, listening to the baby talk and colloquialisms of the day.  I was able to converse in 5 Neshnabék languages by the time I was six.  Multilingualism was the norm of the day, when everyone spoke each other’s language and could understand what was said in one language while responding in another.  Mutual communication and respect of each other’s differences was inherent among us.

I first learned English at the age of 6…at school.   I did not just take English lessons.  I was immersed in it.  Every communication I had with my teachers, my peers, the bus drivers, the lunch ladies, the aides and custodians, all had to be in the target language:  English.  So I learned quickly, not because I had a set of 12 easy lessons, but because it was required for my survival. 

I remember with some sadness the first time I met Neshnabék people who did not speak their language.  As a young man, I approached a group of people who clearly looked “Indian” to me, only to find with much dismay that they could not understand any of the languages that I spoke.  They only understood English.  That first experience led to many, and I have witnessed first hand the decline and near disappearance of the languages of my childhood.

I have been steadfastly working with anyone who will take the time to learn the Potawatomi language for most of my life, from that first group of Neshnabék who asked me to translate what I had said to them, until this very moment of publishing this particular manual and many other manuals I have done.  Having observed all of this, I have this statement to make:

This language must be returned to the home.

It was only by survival that it was permitted to go into language classrooms and departments and classes and lessons.  That had to be, temporarily, because it was so far gone, it needed to be pulled out of the fire, so to speak.  But the time has come to return it to the home.  This manual is intended to be used AT HOME, by families who are dedicated to learning, remembering, and using this language. 

Nin se Neaseno

A.k.a. Donald A Perrot

Talking with God

Foundations of a Prayer Life.

Why call it that?  Why not call it Foundations of Prayer? 

Because I can’t teach you how to pray.  The Holy Ghost does that. 

Romans 8:26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.


Going to Exodus 33.

Context: Israel has miraculously left Egypt, Moses has climbed Mt. Sinai to receive the Law and the Instructions for building the Tabernacle, and Israel has sinned by making a golden calf and worshipping it. 3000 people had just died by the sword over it, and more were dying of a plague.  Moses had gone to intercede for Israel, and this is where we find ourselves now: 

And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the Lord went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.

And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle.

And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the Lord talked with Moses.

10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door.

This is NOT the Mishkan, The Tabernacle, with the specific dimensions and furniture that God specifically told them to pitch in the MIDDLE of the camp.  No, this was a different tent, referred to in this scripture as OHEL MOED, Ohel = tent, Moed = meeting.  Moed is the same word found when describing the festivals that God commanded the Israelites to keep:  Moedim.  Appointed Meeting Times.  The Tabernacle, Ha Mishkan, was not complete and set up until Exodus 40.  So the events of Exodus 33 happen PRE TABERNACLE, and OUTSIDE THE CAMP.

Exodus 33:11 King James Version (KJV)

11 And the Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.

We learn many things from this section of Exodus, but here are 3 highlights:

  1.  The tent was OUTSIDE the congregation.  It was alone and set apart.
  2. ANYONE, not just Moses, who wanted to inquire of the LORD about something went there.  However, Moses was who God spoke to “face to face.”  Intimately.  God specifically mentioned to Moses that HE knew his name, and Moses acknowledged that God knew his name and that he had found grace in His sight.
  3. Joshua, son of Nun, spent an awful lot of time there. 

Joshua: Joshua 1:5 “There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.”

Joshua 10: 12 Then spake Joshua to the Lord in the day when the Lord delivered up the Amorites before the children of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon. 13 And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged themselves upon their enemies. Is not this written in the book of Jasher? So the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day. 14 And there was no day like that before it or after it, that the Lord hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the Lord fought for Israel.

THAT JOSHUA. One does not command the sun and moon to stand still without knowing God intimately enough to ask such a thing. 

My point here tonight is INTIMACY.

Moses was intimate with God.  Joshua was intimate with God.  And while they were parting rivers and commanding celestial bodies, they were also humble under the hand of God, and staying in an intimate relationship with Him. 

And this did not start in the congregation.  This started in a lonely place, set apart from the congregation, where a man could solitarily, or in small groups, seek the face of God. 

Basically, to make a long story short, Moses set up a prayer closet. 

Matthew 6:6  But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.

So What is a prayer closet?  How is it a tent of meeting?

First, What is it NOT?

Church is not your prayer closet.  The Tabernacle, the MISHKAN, was not the Tent of Meeting.  The Tabernacle was set up in the Center of the Camp…but Moses’ tent of meeting was outside the camp, away from everyone else. 

The Prayer Closet vs Pray Continually

Pray Continually, Pray without Ceasing

Acts 6:4 But we will give ourselves continually to prayer, and to the ministry of the word.

1 Thessalonians 5:17 17 Pray without ceasing. in the shower, on the road, doing the dishes,

Have a running conversation with Jesus all day in your head, This is wonderful, this is encouraged, but this is NOT your prayer closet.  Do you count doing the dishes together as a date with your husband?  Neither does God.  That doesn’t mean it’s wrong.  It just means something more Intimate is desired. Also, please understand that your car is not a prayer closet. He won’t give you mind blowing revelation and mighty visions if you are flying down the highway.  He’s God.  He’s not going to kill your body to give you a revelation.

John 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews:

The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.

Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.

WHY did Nicodemus go to Jesus at night?  No distractions.  It’s dark. Jesus the Light shines brighter in the dark.  John 1:9  That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.

John 8:12 12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life., John 9:5 As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world.  He can illuminate what needs to be seen that is hiding in the dark

Jesus wants you to separate yourself!!! From EVERYTHING!!!!  Matt 10:37-38, Ex 20:3, 34:14 He is Jealous!  Including:  false sources of light   *If you have anxiety over this, don’t let this stop you from creating a prayer closet.  Sometimes it takes time to build trust.  Go into a prayer closet, keep the lights on, build yourself up to turning the lights down, and finally off.  Relationships take time to build!!

Food, companionship, climate control, your PHONE, put it all down, and go into the prayer closet, remove all distractions, all stimulations, and be completely alone with Jesus.

What to do in your Prayer Closet…Matt 6:6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.

Shut the Door.  No distractions.  Separate yourself. Pray in Secret.  No audience.  Just you and HIM. 

if I regard iniquity in my heart, Jesus will not hear me. Psalms 66:18

step one is repent.  always repent.

step two is praise.  always praise.

step one and step two can be reversed in order but they must both happen.  an acknowledgement of WHO Jesus IS, and Who I am Not.  “I am the Lord, I know no other.”  Isa 44:6, Hos 13:4

The Prayer Closet is about Intimacy.


Prayer is about RELATIONSHIP, not a means of getting what you want.  When you spend the time to develop the RELATIONSHIP, you will find that intercession comes easier and more effective. 

Fall upon The Rock before He falls on you.  Matt 21:42-44 42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

43 Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

44 And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

HONESTY. If you are mad at Jesus, tell Him, because He already knows. Then repent of it. It may be a perception problem. There is a big difference between what Jesus WILLS and what Jesus PERMITS. *illustration about kid with stitches* Keep in mind this is an argument you will NOT win. But if you keep bitterness in your heart, you will get nowhere. Acknowledge it, repent of it, and let Jesus free you of it. It will sting, and you will feel embarrassed, and pretty humble, but you will be free.

If you are ashamed, tell Jesus, because He already knows.  WHETHER IT’S YOUR FAULT OR NOT, tell Him.  Then accept His forgiveness or His ability to Forgive, whichever it is you need.

If you are bitter at someone else or a situation, tell Jesus, because He already knows.  Then ask for help rooting it out.  Forgive that you may be forgiven.

If you are numb, tell Jesus, because He already knows.  Then ask for His love to be shed abroad in your heart through the Holy Ghost. 

If you are lost and confused, tell Jesus, because He already knows.  Then ask for Wisdom.

Listen.  My Sheep Know me, and they Know My VOICE. John 10:27

WHO is praying in tongues? Do you know this voice?

Yes you are hearing His voice, even if you don’t understand it.

Romans 8:26  26 Likewise the Spirit also helpeth our infirmities: for we know not what we should pray for as we ought: but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered.


Other ways we hear His Voice.  Audibly, In your heart, In your mind, In the scriptures, from someone else later.  But wait until you hear it, and wait for it to be confirmed. Don’t jump on something because it’s what you WANTED to hear. 2 Cor 13:1 This is the third time I am coming to you. In the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established.

Was that me, or was that Him?

Let the Word of the Lord Cleanse you.  If you keep repenting of the same thing over and over again, you are repenting but not being cleansed of it.  Let God cleanse you of it.  A Washing of Regeneration (Titus 3:5)

Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.   Diligently believe in him? NO, diligently SEEEEEEK him. 

It was said that Moses spoke with God Panim al Panim – Face to Face.  They had an intimate relationship, which was called into question in Numbers 12.

And the Lord spake suddenly unto Moses, and unto Aaron, and unto Miriam, Come out ye three unto the tabernacle of the congregation (OHEL MOED). And they three came out. And the Lord came down in the pillar of the cloud, and stood in the door of the tabernacle, and called Aaron and Miriam: and they both came forth. And he said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I the Lord will make myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream. My servant Moses is not so, who is faithful in all mine house. With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the Lord shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses? And the anger of the Lord was kindled against them; and he departed.10 And the cloud departed from off the tabernacle; and, behold, Miriam became leprous, white as snow: and Aaron looked upon Miriam, and, behold, she was leprous.

God confirmed his relationship with Moses, that He would speak face to face with him.  Do you realize that Jesus died so that he could speak face to face with you?  Do you realize that you are a tabernacle and that He lives in you?  You are a temple, you are a tent of meeting, you are a house of prayer.  You don’t need to build anything fancy. You just need to find that special place apart from everyone else and every distraction where you can be consistently intimate with God. 

At the end of that story, Moses Intercedes for Miriam, and Miriam is healed, and made clean and whole and restored after 30 days.  Again and Again, Moses intercedes for the people, even when God told Moses, Get out of the way, I’m going to kill them all and start over with you, Moses STILL interceded for the people! It takes a personal intimate relationship with God to intercede on this level.  So begin in the prayer closet, your own personal tent of meeting, and begin building the Foundations of a Prayer Life. 



Your Mighty Hand is in the storm

But your eye is on the smallest of those whom you’ve created

The Splendor of Your Breath

Is upon the tree tops

While the hindmost parts of Your Glory

Rests upon the flowers and other little ones

The strength of Your Breath

Prevails upon me

While the softness of Your Touch caresses my cheek

I am reminded of how much I need you

And all you symbolize in this Earth Walk

To find my way back when this sojourn is over

Is the truest form of love you have extended

Thus the fierceness of the Storm

Reminds me of the frailty of Life

And where I need to focus my attention

For this is not my home

But there amidst the clouds and thunder

Hides the Mighty One I need to return to

When all is said and done

Oh Mamogosnan/Yeshua, may I always find you

Hidden in every walk of Life

I have been given

Nin se Neaseno…….

Some simple words on prayer

I make this post on prayer words as we seem to be on a collision course with prophetic discourses of elders I once knew and certainly, the Spirit of all Life has even revealed prophecies of this time to me personally. I have walked in this sacred manner of our people for may years and have managed to cultivate a working relationship with our Creator and His Helpers over the years.

It is my belief we Neshnabek are facing one of the most difficult times of our existence thus far. We have faced famine, colonial onslaughts, wars, racial conflicts, discrimination, and the like for many years and have survived. We are a tried, tested and proven people, when it comes to surviving, but we have yet to face our Creator to make us ready for these times the human race must traverse.

Not many years ago, I had the experience of several visions which I did not completely understand then. In 2003, I and several young Native men, heard Four Whistles coming from somewhere above us. They were clear and very distinct, thus could not be mistaken for anything else but whistles, and they came from all around us, from the Universe.   

At one time, in the not too distant past, I witnessed some strange creatures being released into this world, from the Under World. They were strange in appearance and there was a horrible stench from all around them. They seemed to be searching for something and it was revealed to me they were here as servants of the Holy One to test mankind for all the injustice done to the Earth and its denizens. 

There have been trumpet sounds and eagle bone whistle sounds I have heard periodically over the past few years, as though to remind me of former visions, revelations given to me during fasts and periods of introspection. All of this has had to do with this period of time we are currently experiencing.

More on that later, for now, these are some prayer words to help ya all, as prayer is  the way to the heart and soul of our Creator and the Above Places. We need our Creator more than ever now. 

Iw enaj mo yan!    That is all I have to say.  Iw sega nomgek!    Ending a prayer/Amen. 

Kob je ge waj gen!   To end a prayer/to end S.T. 

Ahau, e Kob je ge waj ge yak!  Ok, Let’s tie things up! 

Ok, Let’s end things! 

Ok, Let’s wrap things up! 

Ke bon ye wi men   Let’s Quit! 

Kesh Kwata men  Let’s Stop! (Ceremonial use) 

Kweb ye wi men   Let’s get started

Kwe web ta men  Another one.

Etso nangot oy go  Each and everyone of us

Jagé na gomgé Each and everyone of us

Nozhoyen etso nangotoygo!   Bless each and everyone of us! 

Jage nag onan –  All of my relations!  

Gdenwe magnek 

Gdenwe magnenanek 

Gdenwe magnedok—- All of my relatives!  All inclusive statement: Includes the Two leggeds, The Four leggeds, The Creeping Crawling  Things, The Winged Nation, The Fire, The Rock, The Water, and the Green.  This also takes into account the past, present, and future on all these things. 

Gagiget    to talk-to say a prayer 

Shkwede     Fire

Shkwedensi  Fire Spirit 

Jak gego ga gishtot   He/She made everything 

Nibok stand up/plural 

Kawtagnagjegen   to make a circle/describes a  dance 

Kawtagnajegemen  let’s make a circle and dance 

E’pe    and/or/either 

Ewseganomgek    ending a prayer 

Wemtegoshi   French

Kchemokman  American

Shagnash   British/Canadian 

Niokade   my namesake

Nenwitok   my fellow man(en) 

Kwetok  my fellow woman(en) 

Kobjegewat  they are closing the circle 

Kobjegeyak  we are closing this circle/end the doings 

Gwi kobjegemen  we will end this thing 

Kobjegewajgen  to end a prayer or something 

Shgetagen  punk wood/used to start fires with 

Sketagen  sometimes spelled this way 

Jignek  kneeling down 

Mezodan   parent 

Mezodanek  our parents 

Mezodanek  family 

Dodanek  another family 

Jagenagomge   each and everyone of us 

Jagenagonan  all of our relatives

Wdenwemagnedok  all of our relatives/spiritual term 

Bgosenjegewen  hope for/wish for 

Ode eshe bgosenmegomen  This is what we hope/ask for from you 

Ode eshe bgosenmegoygo   This is what we hope/ask for 

Ode gde she bgosenmego  This is what you are being asked of/for 

Simple prayer words

Iw enaj mo yan!                                 That is all I have to say.  Iw sega nomgek!                                Ending a prayer/Amen.

Kob je ge waj gen!                             To end a prayer/to end S.T.

Ahau, e Kob je ge waj ge yak! Ok, Let’s tie things up!

Ok, Let’s end things!

Ok, Let’s wrap things up!

Ke bon ye wi men                               Let’s Quit!

Kesh Kwata men                                Let’s Stop! (Ceremonial use)

Kweb ye wi men                                Let’s get started

Kwe web ta men                                Another one.

Etso nangot oy go                               Each and everyone of us

Jagé na gomgé                                   Each and everyone of us

Nozhoyen etso nangotoygo!               Bless each and everyone of us!

Jage nag onan –                                  All of my relations!  

Gdenwe magnek

Gdenwe magnenanek

Gdenwe magnedok—-                       All of my relatives!  All inclusive statement: Includes the Two leggeds, The Four leggeds, The Creeping Crawling  Things, The Winged Nation, The Fire, The Rock, The Water, and the Green.  This also takes into account the past, present, and future on all these things.

Gagiget                                                 to talk-to say a prayer

Shkwede                                               Fire

Shkwedensi                                          Fire Spirit

Jak gego ga gishtot                              He/She made everything

Nibok                                                   stand up/plural

Kawtagnagjegen                                to make a circle/describes a  dance

Kawtagnajegemen                    let’s make a circle and dance

E’pe                                                  and/or/either

Ewseganomgek                                  ending a prayer

Wemtegoshi                                       French

Kchemokman                                    American

Shagnash                                           British/Canadian

Niokade                                             my namesake

Nenwitok                                           my fellow man(en)

Kwetok                                             my fellow woman(en)

Kobjegewat                              they are closing the circle

Kobjegeyak                              we are closing this circle/end the doings

Gwi kobjegemen                                we will end this thing

Kobjegewajgen                                  to end a prayer or something

Shgetagen                                          punk wood/used to start fires with

Sketagen                                            sometimes spelled this way

Jignek                                                kneeling down

Mezodan                                            parent

Mezodanek                                        our parents

Mezodanek                                        family

Dodanek                                            another family

Jagenagomge                                     each and everyone of us

Jagenagonan                                      all of our relatives

Wdenwemagnedok                             all of our relatives/spiritual term

Bgosenjegewen                                  hope for/wish for

Ode eshe bgosenmegomen                 This is what we hope/ask for from you

Ode eshe bgosenmegoygo                  This is what we hope/ask for

Ode gde she bgosenmego                   This is what you are being asked of/for

An idea of time

Ni je ga kedwat Monday gi Neshnabek mno wi pi

Anake Tuesday

Anake Wednesday

Anake Thursday

Anake Friday

Anake Saturday

Anake Sunday

Cho wika gi shenkanawat gi gete Neshnabek ode gishek ekendemwat ngom gode bemadsejek mine cho wi gi towat I kendaswen wa je zhechkewat

Gizes se Gizes egi bmadzewat mteno

Anake gizes se gizes nishwabtek sech shwatso gishek gi gedasowat

Ngot pon      one year

Nish, nswe, nyew, nyannen, ngotwatso, shwatso mine megwa….ponok

Ishkwepon   last year

Gepon           another year

Weje mokit o Gizes iw pi gishek gi yawen

Waben gi yawen    morning

Bkoj geshep            very early in the morning/morning star time

Geshep                     early morning

Waseyabek             dawn time

Zagaben                   it is daylight, break of dawn

Mokiwen                   sun rise

Wika waben            late morning

Naw waben             another mid morning

Aptad waben          mid morning

Bwamshe nawkwek   before noon

Nawkwek                 high noon or mid day

Gizhnawkwek         afternoon

Aptegishnawkwek       mid-afternoon

Wika gishnawkwek     late afternoon

Geshebkeshmok         very early evening

Mine ebgeshmok o Gizes iw pi nebgeshmok gi yawen

Anake dbeket         night

Pkonyak                   night time

Dbekok                     last night

Aptadbeket             mid night

Gizhabtadbeket     after mid night

Negospiwaben       morning star time

Boj/bozh geshep     really early in the morning/very early          

Ni je ga wje nendemwat gi gete Neshnabek mno wi pi ode eshenkanawat node gishgwen ode gchemokman

Ni je ga shenkanawat gi gishgek gi gete Neshnabek

Sun Observance—-Sun to Sun

Days were observed according to today, tomorrow and yesterday; see below:

Ngotek gi yawen


                                    Wabek                  wes         gchewes                             

                                    Wnago                  wes        gchewes

                                    Gizes                     shkwaj   ashgizes      gegizes

                                    Gizos                     diminutive

                                    Gishek                  ashtek   shkwaj

Gishek                      day or sky

Ashtek gishek        next day

Gizhgwen                 days

Ni je ode gishek yawen   originally referred to what time of day was it? Not what day was it?

Anet node kedwenen

Iw pi                           then

Iw je pi                       when

Ni je pi                       when

Ni jo pi                       when

Odo pi                        at this time

Ode she pi                right now

Imse ngotek            at one time

Ni pi je                       where

Ni pi je o                   who

Ni je wej                    why or what

Ni je weje                 how

Ni je                            what, usually asked after the manner of s.t.

Wegni je                   what

Weni                          what

Heni                           what

Beh                            that’s it, that’s good

Ne                               at the start of s.t., beginning s.t.

Naw                           middle, center of s.t.

Gish                           to split, to cut, to divide into pieces or parts

Moki                           to rise up, to appear from below….

Wika                           late

Bwamshe                 before

Aptad/apte              half of s.t.

Gizh/gish                  to cut, to divide, to separate, to split

Bkoj                           wild, untamed

Ge                              another

Ishkwe                      last

Pi                                unit of time

Wabek           wab is to see; to describe a state of being that is animated with light, as it comes into being and slowly pushes the darkness away.

                        It also means tomorrow (the next light)  and there is a future tense quality about it.

Waben          wab is to see;  to describe a state of being that has happened and is hanging there for everyone to witness the light and see what it has done.

                        It also means morning and there is a past tense quality about it. As though you should witness what the light has accomplished.

Ngom             is today (this light) and has a very present tense about it. It also means now. It describes something that is very much in the now frame of mind.

Wnago          means yesterday (past light) and has a past tense quality about it. It describes something that was, or has happened.

Gizes             describes something that has always been and is used to describe the quality of the sun which is the greatest light in the sky. This word refers to the several parts of a given happening, (day) (or light).

Gishek          word meant to describe the day (light). This word also implies it can be sectioned or split into many parts of its existence.

Gishget         having to do with the type of day (light) it is, describing the day (light) it is, again, split into parts of the light it is

Gishgek        having a future tense about it, describing a time in the future, when

Dbeket          describes something that hangs down and covers the light so everything is darkened. Word used for night.

Dbekok         describes a hanging down that has covered the light for a time, refers to a specific period of time.               

Nawkwek     describes the exact middle of something and used to refer to the noon day period of time and other periods of the day (light).

Bozh/Boj geshep   describing very early in the morning.

Giskpeknyak           describes the falling of the light, as to become very dark, when the light appears to be completely obscured.

                                    Refers to that period of night when it is the darkest.