All the affixes

The following prefixes and suffixes are used to denote past tense, present tense, future tense, and plurals of the subject. The prefixes and suffixes are bold so that you can see a pattern in the language usage.

NI PI JE – where

E – present tense/ WA – future tense/ GA – past tense

Ni pi je e shya yen? (where are you going?)

Ni pi je e shya yek? (where are you people going?)

Ni pi je wa shya yen? (where are you going?)

Ni pi je wa shya ye’k? (where are you folks going?)

Ni pi je ga shya yen? (where did you go?)

Ni pi je ga shya ye’k? (where did you people go?)

NI JE PI –when

WA – future tense/DA – future intent/ GA – past tense

Ni je pi wa shya yen? (when are you going?)

Ni je pi wa shya ye’k? (when are you folks going?)

Ni je pi ga shya yen? (when did you go?)

Ni je pi ga shya ye’k? (when did you people go?)

Ni je pi da shya yen? (when could you go?)

Ni je pi da shya ye’k? (when could you folks go?)

 

 

NWI – future tense/NGI – past tense   WABEK – tomorrow

Wabek nwi shya. ( I am going tomorrow.)

Wabek nwi shya men. ( we are going tomorrow.)

Wabek wi shye’ wak. (he/she is going tomorrow.)

Wabek wi shye’k. (they are going tomorrow.)

NWI – future tense/ NGI – past tense    WNAGO – yesterday

Wnago ngi shya. ( I went yesterday.)

Wnago ngi shya men. ( we went yesterday.)

Wnago gi shye’ wak. ( he/she went yesterday.)

Wnago gi shye’k. (they went yesterday.)

NGOM – now-today

Ngom nwi shya. (I am going today.)

Ngom nwi shya men. (we are going today.)

Ngom shye’ wak. (he/she is going today.)

Ngom wi shye’k. (they are going today.)

Ngom gwi shya men. (we are going today.)

AFFIXES:

Prefixes and Suffixes:

Present               n de

Immediate future      n ge

Past                  n gi

Future                n wi

Future                n da

Singular              BMO SE

                      To walk

N de she bmo se           I am walking

Examples:

Odan ek nde she bmo se        present

Odane k nge she bmo se        future

Odan ek ngi she bmo se        past

Odan ek nwi she bmo se        future

Odan ek nda she bmo se        future/intent

Plural                MBEM SE MEN

                      We are walking

Examples:

Odan ek nde she bmo se men        present

Odan ek nge she bmo se men        future

Odan ek ngi she bmo se men        past

Odan ek nwi she bmo se men        future

Odan ek nda she bmo se men        future/intent

Some more examples:

Wi                        h/s is going to

G wi                     going to

G da                      could/can

Odan ek ne gwi she bmo se?    Singular

Are you going to walk to town?

Odan ek ne gwi she bmo sem?   plural

Are you guys going to walk to town?

Odan ek gda she bmo se.       Singular

You could walk to town.

Odan ek gda she bmo sem.      plural

You guys could walk to town.

Odan ek gda she bmo se men.   plural/inclusive

We could walk to town.

Odan ek ne wi she bmo se? Singular

Is he/she walking to town?

Odan ek ne wi she bmo sek?    Plural

Are they walking to town?

BMOSE:

M be bam se               I am walking around.

Pa m se wak               he/she is walking around.

G be bam se               you are walking around.

Pa m se wek               they are walking around.

Wi pam se                 he/she is going for a walk.

N wi pam se               I am going for a walk.

N wi pamse men            we are going for a walk/exlc.

G wi pam se men           we are going for a walk/incl.

Ke pam se men             let us go for a walk.

Be bam se t               one who walks/sing.

Be bam se jek             those that walk–also all the/plural.

Bmo se or bmo se wak      walking or walking by

Bmo se k                  walking or walking by

plural

E gi shke wep se t        when h/s first started walking.

Ni je pi ga ne wep se t       when did h/s start out walking?

Ni je pi wa ne wep se yen     when are you going to start out walking?

Author: neaseno

I was born on Powers Bluff in Wood County, Wisconsin, into a traditional community of Neshnabek. I was raised speaking only native languages, and learned to speak English upon entering school at the age of 6. As of this writing, I am one of 5 remaining Heritage Fluent Speakers of Potawatomi.

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