Using preverbs

Knowing pre-verbs is vital in speaking Potawatomi.

Some pre verbs in Bodewadmi

Jak                                 all, whole

É                                    tenseless narrative

Gi                                  past tense  (independent form)

Ga                                  past tense, changed form  (subordinate form)

Wi                                 be going to, will   (independent form)

Wa                                 future tense, changed form   (subordinate form)

Bba                                about, around

Ne                                  interrogative

Ne                                  start to, in process

Wje                               from, for the reason that

Bon                               finish, quit

Gche                              great, huge, big, very

Gizh                              finish, complete

Jig                                  near, close by

Kwej                             on top of it

Also kwed                    on top of s.t.

Msko                             red, reddish

Wab                              is to see, also white

Wshke                           new, young, youthful

Bwa                               prevents an action

Web                              to begin s.t., start s.t.

Bye                                coming or arriving

Pa                                  going around

Bme                               form

Bma                               form

Wij or wid                    accompany, do s.t. together

Mish or mizh                hairy

Wag                               crooked, bent, curved

Bkoj                              wild, untamed, uncontrolled

Mesha                           huge, big, large

Nap                               hanging down

Naw                               center, in the middle of

Zaw                               yellow and sometimes brown

Mkede or mektew        black, dark

Gwaya                           straight, continuous, direct

Gwa                               same as

Gete                               real, true, apparent, actual, factual

Maji                              start, leave

Apje                              really

Dep                               full or enough

Mno                              good, well

Ndo or ned                             want or desire s.t.

Mji or mya                             bad, displeasing, evil

Bok                               broke

Bik                                break to pieces

Zam                               too much of s.t.

Kikij                              hurts, painful

Win                               dirty

Bin                                clean

Zhab                              through s.t.

Gwek                            turn, go in a different way

Neta                               like s.t., always doing s.t.

Swe                               separate s.t.

Zag                                outside, outdoors

Bid                                inside, in doors

Zig                                 pour out

Pje                                 not be reason of design, not planned, by accident, not on purpose

Kwetan                         of a surety, of a certainty

Author: neaseno

I was born on Powers Bluff in Wood County, Wisconsin, into a traditional community of Neshnabek. I was raised speaking only native languages, and learned to speak English upon entering school at the age of 6. As of this writing, I am one of 5 remaining Heritage Fluent Speakers of Potawatomi.

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